The 5 Main Categories of Skin Care Products

The 5 Main Categories of Skin Care Products

Natural skin care products include serums, moisturizers, exfoliators, body lotions, and eye creams. Each one has a specific area of the body to nourish. Depending on your age, there are options for each phase of life, as our moisturizing needs change. Keeping yourself hydrated helps with wrinkles. Using a quality moisturizer with natural ingredients may also help with aging skin. 

The 7 steps to a healthy skincare routine include:

1. Cleanser

2. Toner

3. Antioxidant, Serum

4. Eye Cream

5. Spot Treatment 

6. Moisturizer

7. Sunscreen 

    Serums are best to start in your late 20s

    Consider adding antioxidant serums and creams to your skincare routine by your late 20s to help combat aging skin and the decrease in collagen production. Face serum can't replace moisturizer, and moisturizer doesn't give your skin the extra vitamins and nutrients it needs to succeed and look great for years to come. Face serum and moisturizer are both necessary for a holistic skincare routine. Well-formulated serums absorb quickly and disappear into your skin. If they leave an oily or sticky residue, they're not doing their job well. Serums are applied after cleansing and toning, before moisturizer. Make sure to cleanse your pores, no matter if you use a serum in the morning or at night. It's best not to apply more than 2 serums at once. 

    Moisturizers are necessary for all skin types 

    moisturizer, or emollient, is a cosmetic regimen used for protecting, moisturizing, and lubricating the skin. Having a healthy skincare routine is key to keeping your skin glowing and youthful.  Moisturizers are available for all skin types; 

    1. Oily

    2. Combination

    3. Dry

    4. With SPF

    5. Sensitive

    6. Acne Prone 

    7. For Rosacea

      Moisturizing is recommended after bathing, exfoliating, and shaving. Unless you use cold water when you shower, it's important to moisturize after showering because the hot water strips your skin of oils and its protective barrier. The best time to apply moisturizer is when your skin is damp. It's important to keep hydration where it needs to be, in your skin. The best time to moisturize is before bedtime. Midday is when our skin is the most hydrated. Throughout the night, as we sleep, there is less oil production so it's important to replenish the protective layer. 

      Exfoliators are great to use 2 or 3 times a week

      As long as your skin can handle the treatment. Using an exfoliator less is okay. Try doing it once a week and see how your skin reacts. You should always use an exfoliator before moisturizing. Exfoliating can dry your skin out, so it's important to replenish your skin. Signs you may need to exfoliate include:

      *Your skin is breaking out with acne

      *The products you're using aren't absorbing into your skin

      *Your skin looks dull

      *You're getting a lot of Sun


        If you have been out in the sun and you have a sunburn, don't exfoliate. If you have open sores, don't exfoliate. You don't want to irritate already sensitive skin or cause an infection. if one doesn't suit your needs, try a different one. You will notice the most benefit from exfoliating in the mornings. A healthy skincare routine is the best way to start the day. There are 3 types of exfoliation methods;


        A granular, cream-based scrub applied using a circular motion 


        Acid-based products that loosen and remove dead skin cells


        The use of a machine or device 

          Body lotions are best used right out of the shower


          Having your skin warm helps with the absorption of the lotion. I know some of us don't think about lotion until we are dry. We may need to work on that. Besides, some extra attention to our self-care needs should be higher on the priority list. When you apply lotion is more important than how often you apply it. Having a tube of lotion around isn't a bad idea though. Just like with other moisturizers, it's best to apply before bedtime. And when you get out of the shower. We go through a regeneration mode at night and it's important to be hydrated. Using body lotion on your face isn't recommended. Body lotion tends to be thicker and with softer more sensitive skin on the face, it may cause breakouts and blemishes. 


                                an African woman using body lotion on her shoulder.

          Eye creams are best used: the sooner the better


          Don't delay when deciding to use an eye serum. Starting in your early 20s is the best time to start using eye creams. Wrinkles, puffy eyes, and dark circles show up at any age. Environmental factors and sun exposure affect our skin in different ways and as early as our 20s. Eye cream just isn't for older ladies. Apply after your moisturizing by lightly patting the eye cream around your eye socket. Don't forget to do the top lid, especially if you're using a firming option. Using eye cream in the morning and at night is fine as long as you don't start getting oily skin. If you notice your skin becoming oily, try backing off to use once a day. In your daily routine, eye cream should be applied after cleansing and toning. 



          Getting yourself set up with a healthy skincare routine will help keep you looking youthful and glowing. Remember to stay hydrated, protect your skin from the sun, and always know there are options out there for specific skin needs. 


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